The political bureau of the central committee of the communist party of the soviet union was the highest policy-making authority within the communist party of the soviet union. It was founded in october 1917, and refounded in march 1919, at the 8th congress of the bolshevik party. The existence of the politburo ended in 1991 upon the breakup of the soviet union.
The politburos membership was nominally elected by the central committee of the communist party, but in truth the politburo was a self-perpetuating body that itself decided which new members would be admitted and which members expelled. Until mid-1990 it consisted of about 1215 members and 58 candidate members.
English language learners definition of politburo the main group of people in a communist government who make decisions about policy see the full definition for politburo in the.
A politburo or political bureau is the executive committee for communist parties.