A claim is asserted in the first way, search for a statement within the article that attributes noteworthiness to the subject.
a claim is something which someone says which they cannot prove and which may be false.
Claim definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary
It can be found online and may be completed by your solicitor but can equally be completed by someone who will represent him or herself this is known as being a litigant-in-person.
A claim is when you express your right to something that belongs to you, like your medical records or the deed to your home.